Genetic analysis of 11,500-year-old DNA from an infant found at the Upward Sun River archaeological site in Interior Alaska is evidence of a previously unknown population of ancient people in North America. The researchers - whose findings were published January 3, 2018 in the journal Nature - have named the new group "Ancient Beringians."
Cold ass place to live.
We have learned a lot about Denali complex (and now Ancient Beringian) lifeways through research at the USR site. Previous research indicates they hunted large game like bison and elk, but they also subsisted on small mammals (e.g. hare, ground squirrels) and birds. At Upward Sun River, a residential camp where women and children were present, we have evidence of large, medium, and small mammals, dominated by hare and ground squirrel, but also with the earliest evidence of salmon use in the Americas (Halffman et al. 2015; Choy et al. 2016). Evidence from USR, Gerstle River, and other sites indicates complex land use patterns, where logistically organized hunting parties specialized in megafauna like bison, processing them at spike camps (like Gerstle River), and bringing meat back to centrally located residential base camps like USR. Broad spectrum foraging of small game and fish occurred at these residential camps. This adaptive strategy was resilient and apparently persisted for over 6000 years in the Subarctic through many climatic and vegetation changes.
So are the early beringians