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Topic: Tesla's heat engine (split from DDWFTTW) (Read 4322 times) previous topic - next topic - Topic derived from Direct Down Wind Fast...

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Re: Tesla's heat engine (split from DDWFTTW)
Reply #500
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This is partly responsible for the apparency that small model Stirling engines are quite feeble and can barely overcome their own friction. This is, I believe, because these engines are for show and are almost never loaded. They are not powering anything, only freewheeling...
This issue with "small" models is likely found in the ratio of frictional area to working volume.  If we assume a fixed stroke and a fixed piston length, the piston frictional area increases in proportion to cylinder diameter, but the volume of working gas (piston stroke times piston area) increases as the square of the cylinder diameter.

More realistically, if we assume piston length and stroke are in direct proportion to the bore, the frictional area of piston against bore is in proportion to the square of the bore and the volume of working gas is in proportion to the cube of the bore.  I believe you can see the implications.

You may be right, though the phenomenon I was talking about, that Stirling engines seem to adjust to a load and run better and cooler when under load and tend to overheat without a load is something I've also seen mentioned in regard to engines. 1kw and up as well.

Anyway, I had to leave school early yesterday (friday), so that afternoon and evening and most of the night I spent going over the Vuilleumier patent.

Having never read it in detail before I found portions of it rather astonishing. Such as how he incorporated gravity to keep his displacers in step by having them simply fall through the cylindar, the whole device being in rotation.

Anyway, I have of course, while fooling around with the idea of marrying a Stirling engine with a heat pump, considered the Vuillemier heat pump, but until now, didn't know much about it and only from second hand sources. Which is why I've had it on my to do list to go over the patent with a fine tooth comb until I understood the cycle enough to know if it would be suitable.

Well, I'm happy to announce, I've worked out the details of a Stirling-Vuilleumier engine .

I'm pretty sure it will run on ice and ambient heat and effect it's own refrigeration to prevent the ice from melting and so act as a Tesla Ambient Heat engine.

The best part is it is quite simple. It looks like everything can run off one crankshaft. It is basically a one piston stirling engine with one ordinary hot /cold type Stirling displacer and a secondary Vuilleumier refrigerating displacer.

Putting the two together was easier than I anticipated.

It also looks like it won't require machining. I think it could be built out of tin cans, pvc pipe, hot glue or some solder, some stainless steel pot scrubbers and a coathanger for a crankshaft. Fishing line to lift the displacers.

Also I'm working on designing a rotary version with the displacers controled by gravity as the contraption rotates.

I really think this could be the breakthrough I've been striving for. The Stirling engine and the Vuilleumier heat pump look like the perfect combination for applying Tesla's Ambient heat engine theory.

The timing I've worked out to try, with the piston at TDC or 0 degrees the stirling displacer should be at 45 degrees and the Vuilleumier refrigerating displacer at 135 degrees (that would be the angles for bending the coat hanger). The two displacer cylinders have their own cans communcating through a pipe between them with the power piston in the middle in a smaller cylindar attached to the pipe between the two displacers.
  • Last Edit: December 02, 2017, 01:38:54 AM by Tom Booth

Re: Tesla's heat engine (split from DDWFTTW)
Reply #501
We need an update on your heat engine.

Re: Tesla's heat engine (split from DDWFTTW)
Reply #502
Sorry, not long after my last post there was a personal family problem which in some ways is still ongoing. It is also nearly time to go back to school.

I worked on several designs for what was described in the last post, a combined Stirling-Vuilleumier engine/heat-pump and have finally arrived at this:



Which is intended as the first frame of a gif animation.

What is illustrated is essentially an ordinary LTD Stirling Engine with a secondary regenerative displacer for fulfilling the function of a Vuilleumier cooler. This is the simplest design and the easiest to build, and in my visualizations at least, should work better than the earlier design I was talking about. If the idea can work at all.

I'm also posting to the Stirling Engine forum:

http://stirlingengineforum.com/viewtopic.php?f=1&t=1029&sid=2c32f232d87a86e3a6b6517971692fce&start=15#p11613



Re: Tesla's heat engine (split from DDWFTTW)
Reply #503
BTW the movement of the "hot" regenerator is different, or opposite to the timing in the previously described side-by-side arrangement.

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Re: Tesla's heat engine (split from DDWFTTW)
Reply #504
https://www.arcticfoundations.com/index.php/news/78-using-passive-refrigeration-to-stabilize-foundations-in-cold-climates

These things could help with cold reservoirs for part of the year, operating on impulse of ambient conditions?

Quote
Two-phase thermosyphons are the preferred technology for the majority of projects that require subgrade cooling, having proved their reliability since 1960.3,4 Over 120,000 units were installed on the trans-Alaska pipeline system for subgrade cooling.1


Clearing drifts from installed piles.
Two-phase thermosyphons are relatively simple devices that transfer heat against gravity. The typical unit is constructed of pipe, closed at both ends, and charged with refrigerant.

The condenser (above ground) portion of the unit can be bare or finned, depending on heat transfer requirements. The evaporator portion of the unit can have almost any configuration as long as slope remains between the evaporator and condenser.

Refrigeration of the subgrade occurs when the condenser temperature is lower than the soil temperature at a depth where the liquid portion of the refrigerant is pooled.

Condensation occurs, initiating evaporation of pooled refrigerant and, hence, subgrade cooling. Condensate returns to the evaporator portion of the pile by gravity and re-evaporates, provided the temperature differentials still exist.

Thermosyphon units operate during the period when the air is colder than the ground, typically during the period from October through April.
  • Last Edit: January 27, 2018, 09:13:13 AM by SR-71

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Re: Tesla's heat engine (split from DDWFTTW)
Reply #505
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